While we all know about cannabis, few of us can tell the different strains of cannabis and their uses. There are three different strains of cannabis; Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid. The Hybrid strain is a combination of both the Indica and Sativa strains.
Each of these strains causes different effects on the users, and are both used to create medicinal cannabis for various uses. This article will be digging into details the two main strains of cannabis- Indica and Sativa.
Cannabis Indica vs. Cannabis Sativa
In general, the Cannabis Indica strain gives the user relaxation while Cannabis Sativa strain energizes the user.
Cannabis Indica originates from the Hindu Kush mountains. It is mostly found in countries like India, Afghanistan, Turkey, and Pakistan. The Indica strain has adapted to dry, harsh, and turbulent climates.
The Cannabis Indica plant is generally short, bushy, greener, and has broader leaves. This strain also grows faster and has a higher yield than the Sativa strain.
Cannabis Indica strain has higher CBD concentration than THC, which makes it useful for relaxation. Cannabidiol mostly referred to as CBD is the main non-psychoactive component found in Cannabis plants. This means that it does not cause any euphoria or the “high-effect.”
Below are some of the essential qualities of Cannabis Indica:
- Relaxing muscles
- Reduces nausea
- Relieves severe pain
- Increases mental relaxation
- Increasing appetite
- Increasing dopamine (dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps in controlling the pleasure and reward centers in the brain).
Due to the high relaxing effect of Indica strain, it is better used in the nighttime.
Some of the most popular Cannabis Indica strains you can use are Afghan Kush, Hindu Kush, and Granddaddy Purple. You can also search for other strains from Leafly.
Cannabis Sativa strain has adapted to hot and dry climates that experience long sunny days. For this, this strain can be found in places like Southeast Asia, Central America, some Western areas of Asia, and Africa.
Cannabis Sativa plant can be told apart from the Indica strain- it is taller, and has thinner leaves that look like fingers. The Sativa plant can grow taller than 12-feet. It also takes longer to grow compared to the Indica strain.
The THC concentration in Cannabis Sativa strain is higher compared to the CBD concentration. Due to this, the Sativa strain is used medicinally for relaxations. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psychoactive component found in cannabis plants. It is the component behind the euphoria state, i.e., the “high effect” on its users.
Below are some of the essential qualities of the Sativa strain:
- Relieves chronic pain
- Causes relaxation
- Increasing creativity and focus
- Increasing serotonin (serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates sleep, anxiety, mood, appetite, and learning).
Cannabis Sativa plant is best used in the daytime due to its stimulating effects.
Some of the most common Cannabis Sativa strains you can watch out for include Panama Red, Acapulco Gold, and Durban Poison. Click here for more strains of Sativa.
Choosing between Indica and Sativa
When you are choosing the strain that suits you, it is ideal to confirm the components indicated by the growers or the dispensary selling you the product. The Indica strain will be suitable for you if you are looking for something relaxing and to relieve pain. Sativa, on the other hand, will be ideal for you if you are looking for something that will energize you.
However, cannabis strains, especially Sativa strain, has side effects that you need to look out for before using it. Most of these side effects are as a result of the high THC concentration. Some of these side effects include:
- Dry eyes
- Dry mouth
- Increased blood pressure
- Increased heart rate