As CBD gains much popularism for various uses such as CBD pain management, scientific research to back up these claims is still ongoing. More so, human trails are yet to begin even though trials on rats have yielded much promising news.
CBD is a component found in the cannabis plant, but it does not have the “high” effect that comes from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) component, also found in the plant.
At the moment, CBD is used to manage some chronic pains and arthritis pain. However, the use of CBD for pain management did not begin some few years ago. According to Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, the use of cannabis for pain management dates back to ancient China.
Reasons for high usage of CBD
An estimated 50M Americans are living with chronic pain, this is according to the CDC; this has, of course, led to an increase in healthcare costs, a reduction in productivity as well as over-reliance and addiction to opioids.
As such, many people are starting to opt for other alternatives when it comes to managing pain- from nutritional supplements to herbs and now CBD. Proponents have also suggested that CBD helps tackle the escalating opioid addiction since it is not addictive.
Uses of CBD for pain managemenC
1. Chronic pain management
According to researchers, CBD interacts with the receptors in our brains and immune system. This creates painkilling and anti-inflammatory effects, which helps manage chronic pains.
According to a review done in 2008, it was concluded that CBD was effective in managing pain without causing any adverse side effects. The review was based on studies done from the late 1980s to 2007. Apart from this, the Journal of Experimental Medicine published a study that also supported CBD helps reduce inflammation and pain.
Some of the common types of chronic pain include:
- Cancer pain- the National Cancer Institute is one of the bodies that has shown a possibility of using CBD in the future to relieve pain caused by chemotherapy.
- Low back pain
2. Arthritis pain management
In 2015, the European Journal of Pain published a study that was done on rats with arthritis. The study aimed to see if CBD can help manage pain for people who have arthritis. The study went on for four days, where rats with osteoarthritis were given CBD through the topical method.
From the study, there was a significant reduction in the signs of pain as well as the inflammation on the rats. This also did not have any side effects on the rats. The study, though not conclusive on humans yet, shows that CBD oil can be used by patients to help arthritis pain.
3. Multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune disease commonly referred to as MS, affects a human body by attacking the brain and the nerves. One of the most common symptoms of MS is muscle spasms. Unfortunately, these spasms can be too much, thus causing constant pains to some patients.
Some research, however, has indicated that the use of CBD oil helps reduce the levels of spasms experienced by a patient. While the research is ongoing and the results from the study are modest, several patients have pointed to a reduction in the seizures from the use of CBD.
Possible side effects
There is not much research on the side effects of using CBD for pain management. Also, there is limited regulation from the FDA, which translates to inconsistencies in the purity and contents of CBD products in the market.
However, some side effects like irritability, nausea, and sleeping problems are possible depending on individuals.
You are highly advised to speak to your doctor for guidance on the use of CBD for pain management before using any CBD product.